Types of Counselling:

  1. Art Therapy.
  2. Behavioral Therapy.
  3. Cognitive Therapy.
  4. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
  5. Eye movement and desinsitisation and reprocessing.
  6. Humanistic therapies.
  7. Pyschoanalysis.

Art Therapy:

  • Communicating thier issues by means of art like paintings,sculptures and simple drawing,as well as communicating their words.
  • By using art they clear the problem,unpleasant feelings and Behaviours.

Behavioural Therapy:

  • Behavioural Therapy mainly focuses on the present situations more than past.
  • It neglects the acts done in past and focuses mainly on actions going in present to prevent behavioural activities like addictions or person suffering from phobia.

Cognitive Therapy:

  • The change in behaviour is due to what we think,cognitive therapy cures this by changing the thoughts of the patients.
  • The therapy looks to address any skewed ways of thinking that may be occurring, and eventually aims to replace them with healthier, more positive thought patterns.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy:

  • The Combination of Cognitive and Behavioural Therapy is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
  • It also focuses mainly on present
  • It breaks down problems into small manageable pieces and solves the problems
  • It is used for solving specific behaviour problems.


Eye Movement desensitisation and reprocessing:

  • It is used to cure the distress event or feeling which is originated from the trauma.
  • The Therapist’s recall the distress events while pointing the finger from end to end.
  • The main goal is to minimize the intensity of the distress event or feeling causing troubles.


Humanistic Therapy:

  • This Therapy encourages self exploration,by factors like human potential,free will,creativity.
  • It Mainly focuses on self exploration of the patients.



  • Psycology conflicts are rooted in unconsious mind.
  • Main goal is to make the conflicts aware to the consious mind,so client can make changes to overcome them.
  • The symptoms are latent (hidden) disturbances.

These are the seven types of counselling are used for treating patients all over the world.